Preferred Name

TaxonRank

Synonyms

ID

http://bioontology.org/projects/ontologies/birnlex#birnlex_591

abbrev

class_or_indiv

true

definition

A taxon (plural taxa), or taxonomic unit, is a name designating an organism or group of organisms. A taxon is assigned a rank and can be placed at a particular level in a systematic hierarchy reflecting evolutionary relationships. A distinction is to be made between taxa/taxonomy and classification/systematics or the evolutionarily organized classification, cladistics. The former refers to biological names and the rules of naming, and as such, can be somewhat arbitrarily applied in regards to an organism's location in a phylogenetic classification scheme. The latter refers to rank ordering of taxa according to presumptive evolutionary (phylogenetic) relationships inferred based on organism characteristics such as adult or developmental morphology, DNA sequence, enzymatic pathways, ecosystem relations to other organisms, etc.. A prefix is used to indicate a ranking of lesser importance. The prefix super- indicates a rank above, the prefix sub- indicates a rank below. In zoology the prefix infra- indicates a rank below sub-. Note that rank is relative, and restricted to a particular systematic schema. For example, liverworts have been grouped, in various systems of classification, as a family, order, or a class. The use of a narrow set of ranks is challenged by users of cladistics; for example, the mere 10 ranks traditionally used between animal families (governed by the ICZN) and animal phyla (usually the highest relevant rank in taxonomic work) often cannot adequately represent the evolutionary history as more about a lineage's phylogeny becomes known. In addition, the class rank is quite often not an evolutionary but a phenetical and paraphyletic group and as opposed to those ranks governed by the ICZN, can usually not be made monophyletic by exchanging the taxa contained therein. This has given rise to phylogenetic taxonomy and the ongoing development of the PhyloCode, which is to govern the application of taxa to clades.@en

external_id_urls

external_ids

label

TaxonRank

mod_date

2007-06-03

preferred_label

TaxonRank

prefixIRI

birnlex_591

retired

false

synonyms

subClassOf

http://bioontology.org/projects/ontologies/birnlex#EnumerationClass

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http://uri.neuinfo.org/nif/nifstd/birnlex_591 NIFSTD LOOM
http://rdf.geospecies.org/ont/geospecies#TaxonRank GEOSPECIES LOOM
http://www.imgt.org/download/IMGT-ONTOLOGY/IMGT-ONTOLOGY-v1-0-3.owl#TaxonRank IMGT-ONTOLOGY LOOM